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If you love history more specifically Roman history, Croatia is the best place you can visit. In Dalmatia the capital of Panonia was Salona (today called Solin). Remains of the Roman city can be seen today in Solin. Interestingly, one of the Roman emperors Diocletion was born there. He decided to build his palace 8 kilometers from Salona by the sea.  The city of Split developed from Diocletian’s Palace. Today, the palace is the center of the old part of Split, where people still live, and perhaps that is what fascinates every tourist who goes to wander the narrow streets that have been here for more than 1700 years. With almost rectangular walls (215m x 206m), the palace is somewhat like a military camp – the so-called castrum. The palace also had its own water supply system, about 9 kilometers long, which is still in use today and is one of the longest and most preserved in Europe. Although originally built as the Emperor’s mansion, no one, not even Emperor Diocletian, could have imagined that there would still be life inside the palace so many years after his death. Over the centuries, the inhabitants of the palace, and then the citizens of Split, have adapted these spaces to suit their needs, so both the interior and exterior walls with towers have greatly changed their original appearance, but the outlines of the imperial palace remain very visible.

The palace itself contains numerous attractions that used to be an integral part of daily life, and we can easily list a few of them. One of the most impressive is the Cathedral of Sts. Duje, which was actually built as the mausoleum of the famous emperor, and there is an adjoining bell tower, which was added in the 13th century, which is considered to be the most original Dalmatian medieval building.

There are also beautiful facades and gates of the palace – Golden, Silver, Iron and Brass, as well as the Temple of Jupiter, which many claim is one of the most beautiful European monuments. The monument itself is the central square of the palace – Peristyle, and we must not omit the basements of the palace, which represent one of the best preserved ancient complexes of its kind in the world.

The cellars are also one of the most intriguing parts of the Palace, and were built to balance the level of the southern, residential part with the other parts of the Palace. The walls served as the foundation for imperial apartment buildings, so the shapes of their premises were in line with the shape of buildings that disappeared above the surface. They were probably also used for storage, maybe dungeon space. Basements are nowadays used as attractive trade shows and exhibitions, and the popular television series Game of Thrones was filmed in them.

It is because of all these great beauties and historical values ​​that the Diocletian’s Palace was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.